HIV, HCV, and STI Risk Associated with Non-Medical Use of Prescription Opioids

Principal Investigator: Pedro Mateu-Gelabert

Within the past 10 years, the nonmedical use of prescription opioids (POs) has increased 40% in the U.S. with the largest increases occurring among adolescents and young adults (SAMHSA, 2011). These trends are alarming from a public health perspective because opioid use is associated with significant risk for HIV, HCV and STIs, yet very little U.S.-based research to date has explored the risk behaviors of nonmedical PO users. The proposed mixed-methods, respondent-driven sampling (RDS)-based study will assess the drug and sex- related disease risk associated with nonmedical PO use and determine prevalence rates for HIV, HCV and STIs (Chlamydia and Gonorrhea) among young adult (ages 18-29) nonmedical PO users in New York City, an endeavor which will contribute to the development of disease prevention messages tailored to this group's distinct characteristics, needs and drug-use practices.

For more information: Abstract

  • About NDRI
          Since 1967, National Development and Research Institutes, Inc. (NDRI), a private, not-for-profit 501(c)(3) organization, has conducted substance use and other bio-behavioral research nationwide and throughout the world.

          Drawing on the expertise of our interdisciplinary professional staff and our partners such as medical centers, treatment and prevention programs, universities, CBOs, industry and government NDRI has advanced public health across diverse populations including high-risk and underserved persons, uniformed services, youth and veterans.

          In addition to its focus on addiction, NDRI, organized under specialized institutes, has generated scientific discoveries associated with infectious diseases (particularly HIV and Hepatitis C), overdose, chronic pain, prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer, tobacco control and criminal justice.

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