Herman Joseph, Emeritus

Herman Joseph, PhD

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Dr. Joseph has had a seminal influence on addiction and criminal justice during the latter 20th and early 21st century.  For more than 50 years he has worked as a social research scientist in the interrelated fields of addiction, treatment, criminal justice, street studies, homelessness, basic research and program development at the NYC Office of Probation, the Rockefeller University and the NYS Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services (OASAS).

Bartering services, personnel and facilities, Dr. Joseph developed in the 1970’s a citywide network of five probation methadone clinics. With the now closed Federation and Guidance Service he developed the first vocational guidance and employment service for unemployed probationers, and, with the NYC Department of Health, the first urine testing service in probation. These initiatives changed heroin addiction from an intractable problem for probation into a manageable issue. He was a member of the team that developed the first ‘in jail’ methadone maintenance program, known as KEEP, for addicted prisoners in Rikers Island Jail; an intervention that has been implemented across many countries throughout the world. In the mid-1970s Dr. Joseph joined Dr. Vincent P. Dole at The Rockefeller University to plan, conduct and supervise the first detailed large scale follow-up study of patients who left methadone treatment, the summary of this NIDA-funded study was released in 1978.

With support from the NY State Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services (OASAS) he organized the Crack Cocaine Research Working Group, later known as the Chemical Dependency Research Working Group. With the support of grants from the Aaron Diamond Foundation Dr. Joseph organized a series of symposia and conferences covering major aspects of addiction, research and treatment, including a consortium of major medical centers to study neonates exposed to cocaine/crack in utero. Other projects and studies included addressing the HIV epidemic in NYC including: the need for harm reduction services and the spread of HIV, HBV and HCV among street/homeless population who used shelters, soup kitchens and medical vans; presenting the first conference on chemical dependency and disability as well as the first conference on hepatitis C and the chemically dependent patient; assisting mentally ill homeless to obtain housing; studies of the biology of crack cocaine, pain management and chemically dependent patients, and helping to set up and evaluate methadone medical maintenance programs in NY State. He also authored a major study on social stigma targeting the methadone program and patients and worked at introducing the use of the buprenorphine-naloxone combination in harm reduction and at Rikers Island jail.

Dr. Joseph authored or co-authored about 125 published papers and government reports and, with David Courtwright and Don DesJarlais, co-authored the book, Addicts Who Survived. With Dr. Barry Stimmel he edited the book, The Neurobiology of Cocaine Addiction. He was editor of special issues of the Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine and the Journal of Addictive Diseases and has also given numerous presentations on addiction and other topics at national and international conferences. Through his long, productive career, Dr. Joseph has collaborated with several NDRI investigators.

Commendations and Awards: Sen. Jacob Javits had Dr. Joseph’s paper on probation methadone clinics entered into the Congressional Record (1971); Commendation in 1974 from the commissioner of
probation, John Wallace, for developing the probation methadone clinics and the
Vocational Guidance Program in the Bronx; Nyswander/Dole “Marie” Award (1991); Life-time Legacy Award and Proclamation from City of Cleveland (1999); NAMARecovery Award as Honorary Patient (2003); and Award from International Association for Pain and Chemical Dependency (2007).

Stan Sacks, Principal Investigator

Stan Sacks, PhD

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Stanley Sacks, PhD, is a Clinical Psychologist and Research Scientist and past Director of the Center for the Integration of Research and Practice at National Development and Research Institutes (NDRI), Inc. During a 25 year career at NDRI, he served as Principal Investigator on over a dozen federally-funded projects, publishing essential papers in the areas of co-occurring disorders, criminal justice, HIV/AIDs, computerized psychosocial treatment, implementation science/practice and the integration of substance use disorder and health care services. Dr. Sacks was Principal Investigator (PI) on a series of 5 NIDA-funded studies that demonstrated the effectiveness of the Modified Therapeutic Community (MTC) model for persons with co-occurring substance abuse and mental disorders. The MTC model has been listed on the National Registry of Evidence-based Programs & Practices since 2008 and widely adopted nationally and internationally. He served as Chair and Lead Writer of SAMHSA’s Treatment Improvement Protocol #42, Substance Abuse Treatment for Persons with Co-Occurring Disorders (COD), a comprehensive compendium of substance abuse and mental health treatment approaches and research that continues to be widely used. In application of this scientific and scholarly work, he led three large-scale national, regional and NY State-wide technical assistance centers that improved services for persons with COD.  

Currently, Dr. Sacks is Co-Director of S and J Solutions and Senior Research Scientist Emeritus at NDRI. His recent community service activities on Staten Island include: 1) Chair of a Promenade Committee that is planning for coastal protection as part of a greenway along the North Shore of Staten Island; 2) Community Advisory Board Member at Curtis High school, providing advice on a School-based Health Center and other programming; and 3) Research Committee member for the Lavelle Intermediate School, reviewing and advising on research proposals and studies. A baseball aficionado and weather enthusiast, he is married and has two children and four grandchildren.

  • About NDRI
          Since 1967, National Development and Research Institutes, Inc. (NDRI), a private, not-for-profit 501(c)(3) organization, has conducted substance use and other bio-behavioral research nationwide and throughout the world.

          Drawing on the expertise of our interdisciplinary professional staff and our partners such as medical centers, treatment and prevention programs, universities, CBOs, industry and government NDRI has advanced public health across diverse populations including high-risk and underserved persons, uniformed services, youth and veterans.

          In addition to its focus on addiction, NDRI, organized under specialized institutes, has generated scientific discoveries associated with infectious diseases (particularly HIV and Hepatitis C), overdose, chronic pain, prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer, tobacco control and criminal justice.

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